Ilmu adalah Pengetahuan tetapi Pengetahuan belum tentu menjadi ilmu

Friday, 14 April 2017


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Meaning of Research

- Research means finding answers to the questions

- Research is a systematic search for truth

- Research is search for knowledge

- Research is defined as a scientific and systematic search for information on a specific topic

- Organized scientific investigations to solve problems, test hypotheses, develop or invent new product
- Penelitian : Usaha untuk menemukan, mengembangkan dan menguji kebenaran suatu pengetahuan (Sutrisno Hadi MA dalam Cholid). 

Research is systematic, because it follows certain steps that are logical in order. These steps are:

- Understanding the nature of problem to be studied and identifying the related area of knowledge

- Reviewing literature 

- Collecting data in an organized and controlled manner to arrive at valid decisions

- Analyzing data appropriate to the problem

- Drawing conclusions 

Why Research?
To get a degree

To get respectability

To face a challenge

To solve a problem

To get intellectual joy

To serve society

Criteria Of A Good Research

- Purpose clearly defined

- Research process detailed

- Research design thoroughly planned

- Findings presented clearly

-  Conclusions justified  

Research Process

- Selection and formulation of research problem 

- Literature survey / review concepts or theories

- Review previous research findings

- Research design

- Data collection

- Processing and analysis of data

- Interpreting and reporting data

Components of Research

- Title

- Introduction

- Review of literature

- Objectives of the study

- Research design & methodology

- Conceptual framework

- Report writing

- Conclusion

- Select bibliography 

- It should be precise  (words)

- It should be clear  (conceptual)

- It should be specific  (scope)

- It should be catchy  (attractive)


- It is expected to introduce chosen research problems / topic covering its origin, meaning, purpose, development at international / national / regional level.

- The very idea of this component in the research proposal is to acquaint readers with the research problem.

Statement of problem...
- Proposed research topic should have genuine need for investigation 

- The term ‘problem’ means a question or issue to be examined

Source of problem
 1. Reading 

2. Academic experience

3. Consultations

4. Brainstorming

5. Research 

6. intuition

Sumber :

Dosen : Mrs. Hanna

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